Augmented Reality & Mixed Simulation

The team at CSSALT has created mixed-reality medical simulators that create opportunities for many different types of healthcare training.


Augmented Anesthesia Machines

Anesthesia machines are black boxes. The internal workings and gas flows are hidden to the user. 75% of deaths or permanent brain injury associated with these life support systems is attributed to user error. The augmented anesthesia machine uses a magic lens to lay a registered transparent reality visualization over a corresponding part of an actual anesthesia machine. The anesthesia machine models that have been augmented are the Ohmeda Modulus II, Drager Apollo, and Drager Primus.

This technology is available for licensing. Contact Sem Lampotang for more information.

Augmented Modulus II anesthesia machine (Patent Pending)

Augmented Drager Apollo anesthesia workstation (Patent Pending)


Augmented Mannequin Patient Simulators

Mixed simulation of a neonate (METI BabySIM) with Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (Patent Pending)

Learning Effectiveness

Mixed simulation was shown in one specific application to provide a 6-fold improvement in performance in debugging a planted fault in an anesthesia machine compared to a 2-D screen-based simulation (Quarles J, Lampotang S, Fischler I, Fishwick P, Lok B: Mixed reality merges abstract and concrete knowledge. Proceedings of IEEE Virtual Reality 2008).